A Video Series on the Theology of the Body
On September 5, 1979, St. Pope John Paul II began a series of Wednesday audiences that became a catechesis on the theology of the body. The theology of the body represents a return to the fundamental, integral vision of man as being made in the image and likeness of God, the only creature God created for his own sake. The theology of the body is, therefore, a striking defense of the human person in the face of the many reductionistic theories and tendencies of the modern age. The theology of the body is the most creative approach to the defense of Catholic moral teachings in the domain of sex and marriage, combining insights from Catholic theology, theologians, and philosophers from many fields of study, including Thomism, phenomenology, existentialism and dialogue with psychoanalysis.
In this video series, we work through all 133 Wednesday audiences. That is right, a video for every audience, within which we give commentary, explain concepts and terminology, with the goal of helping the reader make his way through this amazing and difficult text. We have also provided the PowerPoint slides used in the videos.
Videos are released on Mondays and Fridays every week. Can't wait to watch more episodes? Support us on Patreon for early access to our theology of the body video library.
In this video we introduce chapter 2 of part 1. This audience introduces Matt. 5:27-28 from the Sermon on the Mount. In this audience two themes are introduced:
1) The normativity of Christ's words in the Sermon of the Mount
2) Christ's message as a fundamental revision in understanding God's moral law
Lastly, a few comments are made on the German philosopher Max Scheler.
TOB 36 continues investigating the legislative interpretation of the 6th commandment. The language of this interpretation demonstrates that what was considered sexual was "impure", that the focus was on the maintenance of social order, and not concerned with the dimension of the heart as Christ appealed to in Matthew 5:27-28. JPII next introduces the prophetic tradition, which is taken up again in the next audience. The prophetic tradition shows
1) An analogy between Israel and God and the relationship between husband and wife
2) Israel's departure from God for other gods was considered to be adultery
In this video we revisit the question of whether the heart is accused or not by talking about a third interpretation. Using the concept of "masters of suspicion" by Paul Ricoeur, JPII talks about how Freud, Marx, and Nietzsche hold the heart in suspicion. These three masters argue concupiscence has the final say about man. JPII presents the ethos of the New Testament as the counter to these thinkers. In this video we dedicate some time to also explaining who is Paul Ricoeur and Sigmund Freud.
In this video we continue the analysis of TOB 47 by placing the discussion of eros and the New Testament ethos within the context of a new question, the role of erotic spontaneity within the ethos of the New Testament. JPII distinguishes between two kinds of spontaneity, calling us to mature spontaneity.
In this video we continue our discussion of St. Paul's virtue of purity. In particular, we talk about:
1) Purity and the virtue of temperance
2) Purity as a gift of the Holy Spirit
3) How fornication is a sin against one's own body, violating the reverence owed to the body
4) Human dignity, the indwelling of the Holy Spirit, and the reality of redemption
In this video JPII begins his discussion on the role of the theology of the body in art. In particular, he talks about:
1) The role of culture in regards to the body and purity
2) The body as an object in culture
3) The essential distinction between film and painting through the concept of transfiguration
In this video JPII continues his discussion on the naked body in art. Art cannot violate shame and personal responsibility. Both of which serve to protect the whole truth of man. The whole truth of man is the norm for determining the moral parameters of works of art. Artists hence have moral norms to live by when creating art.
In this video we talk about JPII's assassination attempt that occurred between TOB 63 and TOB 64, the Sadducees' argument against the resurrection in Mark 12 and a first look at Christ's reply. The episode finishes with a brief historical overview of the various Jewish groups during the time of Jesus.
In this video we focus on Christ's statement that in heaven there will be neither husband nor wife. This tells us that marriage and procreation are things of this world and not the afterlife. next, the resurrection is discussed, and in particular, the anthropology which the resurrection presupposes which includes of course the bodiliness of man's redemption.
Welcome to this video on St. Paul's anthropology of the resurrection and the theology of the body, where we'll delve into the profound insights of 1 Corinthians 15 and Paul's encounter with the risen Christ. How does Paul's understanding of the human body and its destiny shed light on our own experiences of weakness, corruption, and mortality?
In this video, we'll explore the cosmic and interior dimensions of original sin and its effects on human nature and history. We'll see how Paul's vision of the resurrection provides hope for the fulfillment of human destiny in Christ, and how this hope is rooted in his own experience of conversion and encounter with the risen Lord. We'll also reflect on how the resurrection of the body transforms our understanding of the human person, both individually and in relation to others and the cosmos.
Drawing on the insights of St. John Paul II's theology of the body, we'll explore the significance of the human body as a sacrament of the person and the eschatological fulfillment of human nature.
Whether you're a theologian, a student of philosophy, or simply curious about the mysteries of the faith, this video aims to provide a thought-provoking and accessible introduction to St. Paul's anthropology of the resurrection and the theology of the body. So join us as we explore the beauty and depth of the Christian vision of human nature and destiny in light of Christ's resurrection.
In this video we conclude chapter 1 of the theology of the body. With it, we follow JPII's reflections on the past 22 audiences, while looking forward to what will come next in chapter 2. In this audience,JPII demanded a recovery of what Paul VI called the integral vision of man in his encyclical Humanae Vitae, and also argued for the role his analyses on the theology of the body have on every single human person in order to fulfill himself or herself as a human person.
In this video we examine the Biblical foundations concerning concupiscence. In particular, we analyze
1) Genesis 3:6 with its introduction of shame
2) Genesis 3:8 describing fear as a necessary component of shame
3) Church teachings concerning Adam and Eve
4) Defining concupiscence as a lack
5) Genesis 3:10 and the self-awareness of the first man
In this video we continue examining concupiscence. In particular, we discuss:
1) How shame and concupiscence introduced a change within the communion of persons
2) How shame and concupiscence changed man's perception of the body as the substratum for the communion of persons
3) How concupiscence leads to the difficulty of identifying the body within the sphere of subjectivity
This audience continues the analysis of TOB 30 which is examining the meaning of dominate in Genesis 3:16. In this video we discuss:
1) Shame as transformation of the human spirit
2) The meaning of man who is dominates woman
3) How domination perverts the communion of persons
4) How domination deforms the spousal meaning of the body
In this audience, we begin analyzing who Jesus' listeners were and how they would interpret the Sermon on the Mount. This video focuses on the Legislative interpretation of the 6th commandment against committing adultery. The history of this legislative interpretation shows us its limitations since it accepted polygamy within its institutions. JPII argues that this led to a perversion in understanding the 6th commandment, which requires monogamy.
In this video we continue discussing the prophetic tradition of the 6th commandment against adultery. In particular, we talk about
1) The prophet Hosea
2) The prophet Ezekiel
3) The analogy of marital love between God and Israel and the corresponding language of idolatry as adultery
4) The sinfulness of adultery as antithetical to the marital covenant between man and woman
In this video we continue addressing the question raised in TOB 44 concerning whether the heart is to be accused or not due to the fact of concupiscence. One solution is Manichaeism, which believed that the body, sex, and procreation are evil. Here in TOB 45 JPII definitively rejects this interpretation. The Christian message is instead an appeal to the human heart. This video further discusses:
1) The difference in ethos of Manichaeism and Christianity
2) How the sexual revolution is really a kind of Manichaeism
In this video we transition to analyzing the words of St. Paul in light of the Sermon on the Mount. Here we talk about some general points JPII makes about the purity of heart, continence, how Christ is the reference point for understanding morality, and an objection to the New Testament ethos.
In this video we begin our analysis of St. Paul's concept of life according to the Spirit and its connection Christ's purity of heart, starting with Galatians 5. In particular, we talk about
1) The meaning of flesh in St. Paul
2) The life according to the spirit versus life according to the flesh
3) The theological concept of justification
4) Romans 8
5) The fruit of the Spirit
In this video we discuss themes from 1 Cor. 6 on the theology of the body. In particular, we talk about:
1) The human body as a temple of the Holy Spirit
2) The role of the Spirit's gift of piety in living the spousal meaning of the body
3) Purity and the glorification of the body
4) The role of the Wisdom Tradition within the Old Testament as a preparation for St. Paul's message
In this video JPII develops the notion of the theology of the body as a pedagogy. This means that the body comes as a task that every human person must live out according to virtue. Next, JPII talks about the relationship between science and this pedagogy, and how this pedagogy becomes a spirituality of the body through chastity. Lastly, JPII connects his analyses with the Vatican II document Gaudium et Spes and St. Pope Paul VI's encyclical Humanae Vitae.
In this video we continue JPII's discussion of the role of the body in art. JPII raises the problem of artistic objectification given that the last several audiences talked about the evil of sexual objectification. He introduces the concept of personal sensibility rooted in chastity as a moral criterion to discern whether artistic objectification becomes sexual objectification.
In this video JPII concludes his discussion on the theology of the body and art. The question is whether the naked body can be a model for audio or visual technology. JPII outlines the duties of the artist towards the human body and art, the role of objectification within the process of creating art, what makes a work of art a true work of art versus something morally objectionable, and the duties towards creating a culture of chastity based on St. Pope Paul VI's Humanae Vitae. The video concludes with some works of art featuring the naked human body.
In this video we discuss Christ's statement that in heaven man will be like the angels. In particular, we talk about:
1) The spiritualization of man in heaven
2) The divinization of man
3) How both the spiritualization and divinization of man leads to a new understanding of the body and our eschatological experience
Welcome to this video on the theology of the body and the resurrection, where we'll explore the meaning of Jesus' words on marriage and heaven in the Synoptic Gospels. In Mark 12:25, Matthew 22:30, and Luke 20:36, Jesus teaches that in heaven, there is neither marriage nor giving in marriage, as all are like angels. What does this mean for our understanding of the human body, gender, and relationships?
Drawing on the insights of St. John Paul II's theology of the body, we'll delve into the anthropology of the resurrection and the glorification of the human body. We'll see how the resurrection of Jesus, as the first fruits of the new creation, transforms our understanding of what it means to be human and to live in communion with others.
Whether you're a theologian, a student of philosophy, or simply curious about the mysteries of the faith, this video aims to provide a thought-provoking and accessible introduction to the theology of the body and the resurrection. So join us as we explore the beauty and depth of the Christian vision of human flourishing in this life and in the next.
The Creation of Adam by Michelangelo