Vatican II

Seminary of the Holy Spirit

Vatican II today remains controversial. Progressives claim that the teachings of the Council are a rupture, a discontinuity from previous Catholic teachings as represented by Trent and Vatican I. This progressive school of thought believes that Vatican II did not go far enough in its reforms, but one must go even further. These interpreters hence claim that under a "Spirit of Vatican II" the liberal reforms must go beyond the teachings of Vatican II and utilize a progressive modern critique of traditional Catholic teaching.


On the other hand there is the traditionalist school who also believe that the teachings of Vatican II is a rupture from Vatican I and Trent. These interpreters reject Vatican II as heretical and look at the pre-Council era as a golden age where Trent and Vatican I exemplify what an Ecumenical Council should be. This school has a spectrum of thought between those who hold that while Vatican II was catastrophic for the Church it is still valid to those who completely reject Vatican II and the post-Vatican II Magisterium. This latter view is the sedevacantist position. 

The task of Le Nouvel Esprit is to develop a middle position that accepts the validity of Vatican II, but that Vatican II is not a rupture from prior Catholic teachings. Our position starts with the profession that Vatican II is a gift of the Holy Spirit to man and the whole of humanity. This must be the starting point to understand the Council. It is within this perspective that our investigations will undertake. 


Hermeneutics of Vatican II

By Jeremy Hausotter

This essay is the first part in the series Hermeneutics of Vatican II which examines how Catholics should understand Vatican II as a gift of the Holy Spirit. This message of the Council as a Spirit bestowed gift upon humanity is something not talked about often and yet critical for how one ought to understand the Council. Published 8/16/2020.


By Jeremy Hausotter

Part II in Hermeneutics of Vatican II focuses on the question whether Vatican II is in continuity or discontinuity with Catholic Tradition, and also the authority status of Vatican II as an Ecumenical Council. The article affirms a macrocontinuity in terms of Church doctrine but microruptures in terms of renewal and restoration. The question of dissent is also investigated, wherein the article argues that Catholics must still give obedience to the non-infallible teachings of Vatican II. Published 10/3/2020.

Dignitatis Humanae

By Jeremy Hausotter

Dignitatis Humanae remains controversial today because here Vatican II famously declared that man has a right to religious freedom. Part I works through the Declaration paragraph by paragraph examining the text. 
Published 3/15/2020.

Part II of this Commentary explores the notion of religious freedom found in the papacies from Leo XII to Francis in order to understand the condemnations of indifferentism and the development of an authentic understanding of religious freedom. Published 7/27/2020. 

By Jeremy Hausotter

Part III explores three articles published by the SSPX and can easily be found on their website. The content of these articles are some arguments against the teachings of Dignitatis Humanae. Part III analyzes and refutes these SSPX arguments. Published 7/27/2020.

By Jeremy Hausotter

Part IV explores the book Religious Liberty Questioned by Marcel Lefebvre who is the founder of the SSPX. This investigation develops further some themes in Part III while also treating the problem of coercion within Catholic theology. Published 7/27/2020.

By Jeremy Hausotter